Some Information on OER

OER stands for "Open Educational Resources" and is associated with an educational movement that began about 20 years ago. Now it has become a global educational movement. that began about 20 years ago and has become a global educational movement. The open provision of educational resources, enabled by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), for consultation, use and adaptation by the community of users for non-commercial purposes. OER are digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research.

The resource should be either in the public domain or released with an open license. An OPEN license is a type of license that grants permission to access, re-use and redistribute a work with few or no restrictions. These resources include complete online courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, assessment tools, software, many other tools, materials & techniques that are useful for teaching, learning, as well as for research purposes.

The terms “open content” and “open educational resources” describe any copyrightable work that is either (1) in the public domain or (2) licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:

  • Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
  • Reuse – the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  • Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  • Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mash up)
  • Redistribute – the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

Example: MOOCS: MOOCs stands for Massive Open Online Courses. These are free online courses and any individual can enroll. MOOCs offer a wide range of courses in many different subjects for individuals to be able to evolve their knowledge and education in an affordable and easy manner.

Many materials casually recognized as OER, technically, do not fall into that category. For example, a video that has a creative commons license might not necessarily be open; the agreement may instead allow it to be freely used but not altered or repurposed. . Other materials allow sharing and modifications but only within a paid subscription service. Materials thus restricted in one or more of the 5R aspects would not be considered OER.

That does not mean OER has to be completely nonprofit. To make ongoing OER projects sustainable, some have allowed companies to offer organized “playlists” or other curated packages of materials for a fee. projects, such as the SciShow series on YouTube, allow donations through patronage websites such as Patreon and Subable.

Inspired by an open source license move in the world of computing in 2001, a group of experts comprised of educators, technologists, legal scholars, investors, entrepreneurs, and philanthropists formed a not-for-profit organization called Creative Commons and developed the first set of open licenses in 2002. This brought a much needed clarity about sharing materials online.

For more information on OERs, please refer to the FAQ link.

Some Example OER repositories


Some Points to be noted for the competition

For the competition, please do NOT submit the entire OER repository. Instead, submit specific content from any such OER repository relevant for the identified learning outcomes. For example, you can submit "Qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers." "The Qualitative Report, 13 (4)" by Baxter, P. & Jack, S. with the URL but NOT the entire journal or The Quality Report / TQR ( repository as such.

When you submit the OER, please specify the type of content (reading material, quiz, assignment question etc. ) along with the author details. If you are the author, please provide your full name, organization. For the example given above, the type of content would be "reading material" and the author name would be “Pamela Baxter, McMaster University and Susan Jack, McMaster University”.